The future tense / the future exercises /
Table of Contents
- What is Future Tense?
- Types/Forms of the Future Tense
- Simple future tense
- Future continuous
- Future perfect
- Future perfect continuous
What is Future Tense?
Any action that is scheduled to happen in the future comes under the agenda of the future tense.
Like any other tense, Future Tense too can be detected by the verb form and the auxiliaries used.
|Markers of Future Tense|
|Tomorrow||Years to come||Coming week||Ensuing year|
|Next||Next day||Coming month||Following day|
|Following||Next month||Coming year||Following week|
|Days to come||Next week||Ensuing week||Following month|
Future tense also has four forms. However, one of the forms has no practical use.
the future exercises
Types/Forms of the Future Tense
The future tense can be used in four different forms in order to show how the actions in the future behave differently in various situations and they are:
- Simple Future Tense – used to denote an action that will happen in the future.
- Future Continuous Tense – used to indicate an action that will be taking place in the future.
- Future Perfect Tense – used to represent an action that starts in the present and will happen in the future.
- Future Perfect Continuous Tense – used to depict an action that is happening in the present and will complete at some point in the future.
1. Simple future tense / future indefinite tense
The Future Simple tense is often called the “will tense” because we make the Future Simple with the modal auxiliary will.
The structure of the Future Simple tense is:
|subject||+||auxiliary will||+||main verb|
|Subject + shall/will + verb + . . . . . . . .|
Forming the simple future
The simple future tense is composed of two parts: will / shall + the infinitive without to
|Subject||+will||+infinitive without “to”|
simple future example
The simple future is used:
- To predict a future event:
It will rain tomorrow.
- With I or We, to express a spontaneous decision:
I’ll pay for the tickets by credit card.
- To express willingness:
I’ll do the washing-up.
He’ll carry your bag for you.
- In the negative form, to express unwillingness:
The baby won’t eat his soup.
I won’t leave until I’ve seen the manager!
- We shall move to another city.
- He will come to New York tomorrow.
- They will make a phone which has artificial intelligence.
- It will rain in the coming hours.
- There will be a hard few days ahead of us.
I will = I’ll
We will = we’ll
You will = you’ll
He will = he’ll
She will = she’ll
They will = they’ll
Will not = won’t
The past tense। past simple tense । past tense examples
future continuous tense
2. Tense future continuous
Now let’s move on to the future continuous. Generally, we use this tense to talk about things in progress at a particular time in the future. Take a look at the form:
The structure of the future continuous is as follows: will/won’t + be + ing form
future continuous tense exercises:
- I’ll be sleeping till around 6 a.m. tomorrow.
- They‘ll be playing at this time the next day.
- Sheldon will be eating the cake later.
- Penny will be running in the marathon tomorrow.
- She will be taking her dog for a walk.
- What will you be doing at 10 pm tonight?
- What will you be doing when I arrive?
- She will not be sleeping when you telephone her.
- We‘ll be having dinner when the film starts.
- Take your umbrella. It will be raining when you return.
3. future perfect tense / what is future perfect tense
The future perfect tense is used to describe an action that will have been completed at some point in the future. For example:
- John will have baked a cake.
- They will have painted the fence.
The future perfect tense is often used with a time expression (shown in bold) that identifies a point in the future. For example:
- John will have baked a cake before you arrive.
- They will have painted the fence before I have a chance to speak to them.
Forming the Future Perfect Tense
The future perfect tense is formed:
future perfect sentence
- I won’t have written all the reports by next week.
- By the time we arrive, the kids will have gone to bed.
- I’ll have finished in an hour and then we can watch a film.
- In three years’ time, I’ll have graduated from university.
Yes/No Questions – Future Perfect Simple
To form Yes/No questions in the future perfect simple tense use: Will/Won’t + Subject + have + V3 (past participle) form of the verb.
|Auxiliary Verb||Subject||Verb in V3
|Rest of Sentence|
|Will||I / you / we / they
he / she / it
|have gone||home by then?|
|Won’t||have eaten||dinner by the time I get home?|
example future perfect tense
- By the time I start my shift, Dr. Frazier _________ for 18 hours straight. (work)
- Sheila ____ the scholarship by the time she starts school in September. (get)
- By this time next month, I hope they ____building the community center. (finish)
- Professor Adams ______ at this university for 25 years by the time he retires in June. (teach)
- ______ he ______ the message by the time your flight takes off? (receive)
- Dana _____ the night shift by the time you get up in the morning. (not finish)
- The team _____ at the exhibition for five hours by the time I arrive there. (work)
- By the time we get on the plane, they ____already _____ the luggage. (load)
- By 2025, I hope researchers ______ a cure for cancer. (find)
- will have been working
- will have gotten
- will not have seen
- will have been teaching
- Will/have received
- won’t have finished
- will have been working
- will/have loaded
- will have found
what is present tense। present tense। tense in english language
future perfect continuous tense
4. Future perfect continuous
We use the future perfect continuous to show that something will continue up until a particular event in the future. We normally use it to emphasize how long something will have been happening for.
The form of the future perfect continuous is will/won’t + have + been + ing (present participle)
future perfect continuous tense examples
- He will have been running on the treadmill for one hour tomorrow.
- We will have been basking in the afternoon sun for the whole winter.
- I will have been touring the Australian terrains since next year.
- Will you have been staring at the moon for one whole hour?
1. The bus ————( to arrive) at 12:30.
2. We ————–( to have) lunch at mountain top café.
3. Rohit ————–( to fly) to New Delhi on Wednesday evening.
4. Are you still reading that book? If you—————( to finish) by 4 pm we can go out for ice cream.
5. I———–( to see) my mother in May.
6. Look at the weather. It —————–( to rain) in a few minutes.
7. Wait! I —————( to drive) you to the airport.
8. I’m sorry but you need to stay in the office until you __________ (to finish) your work.
9. I don’t think you __________ (to have) any problems when you land in Boston.
are going to have
Are going to finish
Thank you for your patience